Most Athenians were still living in rural settlements right up to the Peloponnesian War.
Eventually, inthe Athenian people were fed up, and elected to establish a tyranny; the path which Solon was so keen to avoid. The ideaology was based on Solon, but it also provided conditions that greatly developed them.
People can be banished under this system for 10 years by a majority vote of the populis. Learn More in these related Britannica articles:. Despite this, Solon was subsequently held up as one of the Seven Sages of Greece, for his work as a moderate leader.
Economic and ideological rivalry is a common theme in ancient sources. Many farmers, enslaved for debt, would have worked on large estates for their creditors. In the time of Solon, when he had choose a form of government, the democratic Diacrii they wanted, the Pediani asked the aristocracy, and the Paralii a mixed government.
Some modern scholars believe these powers were in fact granted some years after Solon had been archon, when he would have been a member of the Areopagus and probably a more respected statesman by his peers. The poorer wheat farmers lost their land. Solon was described by Plutarch as having been temporarily awarded autocratic powers by Athenian citizens on the grounds that he had the "wisdom" to sort out their differences for them in a peaceful and equitable manner. Claire West How successful was Solon in his reform programme? Perseus Digital Library. Solon may also have initiated a schedule of regular meetings for the assembly. Next, Solon sailed to Cyprus , where he oversaw the construction of a new capital for a local king, in gratitude for which the king named it Soloi. It is these things which Solon was responding to, and which shall be discussed below. This is perhaps one of the most important things one must do in order to establish a completely new system. Wallace suggests that the failure to appoint an Archon was not the only issue on which Solon appears to have fallen. Aristotle, writing around BC, attempted to refute that belief, claiming that "those are manifestly talking nonsense who pretend that Solon was the lover of Peisistratos, for their ages do not admit of it," as Solon was about thirty years older than Peisistratos. If we are to accept this argument, the certainty with which Aristotle and many other modern scholars assert that Solon abolished debt bondage is ill-founded. In his reform measures, he pleased neither the revolutionaries who wanted the land redistributed nor the landowners who wanted to keep all their property intact. A modern scholar  considers the time-span given by Herodotus to be historically accurate because it fits the 10 years that Solon was said to have been absent from the country. The reforms previously discussed are a sample of the many pieces of legislation Solon is credited with throughout his time as Archon.
based on 110 review