Health promotion obesity essay
Modern living conditions, eating habits, and quality of food lead to over-consumption of cheap, super sized portions.
A meta-analysis by Richardson et al. In contrast, the evidence that poor nutrition in early life is a risk factor for increased fatness later in life is still inconclusive. Should we target the sympathetic nervous system in the treatment of obesity-associated hypertension?
Health promotion uk essay
Is caloric intake the most important aspect or concern of what Americans are putting into their bodies? Comparison of the Atkins, Ornish, Weight Watchers, and Zone diets for weight loss and heart disease risk reduction. Overall, the research suggests that most diets are equally effective at weight reduction. The prevention and reduction of overweight and obesity depend ultimately on individual lifestyle changes, and further research on motivations for behavior change would be important in combating the obesity epidemic. The purpose of conducting health promotion is to provide information on how to combat childhood obesity and educate the family on the risks of other health issues that are associated with obesity. Treat Obesity Seriously—a Clinical Manual. Barriers to the Effectiveness of Reduction of Overweight and Obesity through a Policy Approach Overweight and obesity prevention or reduction essentially involves lifestyle modification through behavioral change at the individual level.
Lifestyle changes can be difficult to sustain for the patient, hence continuous support and motivation by a nurse practitioner are necessary.
Although the recommended compositions of various diets include specific amounts of fats, carbohydrates, and protein, the research revealed that it is the total caloric content that is responsible for weight loss, regardless of nutrient partitioning.
However, the long term effectiveness of these interventions has not proven effective, as majority of people regain their weight after losing it Biaggioni, This way Bob could have more control over the interventions, and was able to incorporate his preferences.
Case study presentation on obesity
In a quazi-experimental design, participants were assigned either to a low carbohydrate LC or a low fat LF group. Hsieh SD, Muto T. Health-economic burden of obesity in Europe. Again, comparison between the low carbohydrate and low fat diets was performed by Lecheminant et al. Ultimately, the key to controlling the obesity epidemic lies at the level of individuals, since they have to act on health promotion advice and efforts. A single center randomized trial assigned participants among the four diet groups. Numerous literatures have documented a marked shift in the dietary pattern worldwide [ 70 , 71 ]. Therefore, policy areas covering the financial, education, employment and social policies could impact population health. These areas include fiscal food policies, mandatory nutrition panels on the formulation and reformulation of manufactured foods, implementation of food and nutrition labeling, and restricting marketing and advertising bans of unhealthy foods [ 87 — 89 ].
Health-economic burden of obesity in Europe. Multiple research studies have revealed that excessive weight gain increases the risk of diabetes, hypertension, dyslipidemia, coronary heart disease, stroke, osteoarthritis, and many forms of cancer.
Unfortunately, the effect on the blood lipid level has not been tested.
Health promotion reflective essay
As illustrated by Sacks [ 87 ], trade agreements between countries, personal income tax regimes and social security mechanisms are some potential policy areas that could be altered at international, national and state levels for the development of population-based strategies for obesity prevention. The food industry strategies to maximize profits include promoting larger portions, frequent snacking and the normalization of sweets, soft drinks, snacks and fast food as daily fare [ , ]. Retrieved February 5, , from Electronic Journals. It was hypothesized that the elevated cortisol secretion, caused by stress, might disrupt the food intake regulation in humans and could result in a long-term increased energy intake and fat accumulation [ ]. Preferred clinical measures of central obesity for predicting mortality. Diseases traditionally not seen until adulthood are now prevalent in children as well, such as type 2 diabetes. Furthermore, Bob was encouraged to identify situations of daily living providing opportunities for more physical activities, for example parking further away from the entrance at work and grocery store. As a community health nurse, one gets to perceive the magnitude of these challenges through field experience. Bob was encouraged to purchase a pedometer to monitor progress in physical activity, aiming for at least two thousand steps a day. Observational evidence has shown that susceptibility to obesity is determined largely by genetic factors, but the environment prompts phenotype expression. Shaw, K. Chen, L. Obesity is a complex issue affecting people in negative ways. Bob monitored his daily dietary intake, and avoided situations leading to overeating. Should we target the sympathetic nervous system in the treatment of obesity-associated hypertension?
The interaction effects among environmental factors, genetic predisposition and the individual behavior on excess weight gain has received research interests in recent decades.
Health promotion assignment examples
Several studies have shown that insufficient physical activity is one of the important risk factors of obesity [ 75 — 77 ], and work-related activity has declined over recent decades in industrialized countries whereas leisure time dominated by television viewing and other physically inactive pastimes has increased [ 71 , 74 ]. Furthermore, Bob was encouraged to identify situations of daily living providing opportunities for more physical activities, for example parking further away from the entrance at work and grocery store. A study has evaluated the effectiveness of an intervention program, based on the Theory of Planned Behavior, on obesity indices and blood pressure in Ioannina, Greece [ 96 ]. Modern living conditions, eating habits, and quality of food lead to over-consumption of cheap, super sized portions. According to the Department of Health At the end of eight weeks of interventions, Bob has lost nine pounds, reduced his BMI to It was hypothesized that the elevated cortisol secretion, caused by stress, might disrupt the food intake regulation in humans and could result in a long-term increased energy intake and fat accumulation [ ]. In addition to this, this essay will refer to a government policy, and look at areas and ways, in which the Government, intend to combat this growing issue. It has been calculated that to lose one pound a week, one has to restrict food intake by kcal per day. Dansinger, M. Lecheminant, J. Better school design, such as including basketball hoops and having a large school grounds, and better building design, such as signs promoting stair use and more convenient access to stairs than to elevators were associated with higher levels of physical activity in youth, adults and older adults [ 93 ]. A review examined the effectiveness of school-based strategies for obesity prevention and control based on results of nineteen included studies [ 95 ].
based on 47 review