Case study is about how can

These are primarily descriptive studies. Do not simply reiterate the discussion section. Be sure to cite any prior studies that helped you determine that the case you chose was appropriate for investigating the research problem.

Example of a case study

These types of case study include the following: Illustrative case studies. Exceptions to this can be when you are addressing a complex research problem or subject of analysis that requires more in-depth background information. It is particularly important to differentiate the person as the subject of analysis from others and to succinctly explain how the person relates to examining the research problem. However, in a paper designed around a case study, it is more common to combine a description of the findings with the discussion about their implications. Failure to Document Limitations No case is going to reveal all that needs to be understood about a research problem. Case studies are often used in exploratory research. This includes synthesizing studies that help to: Place relevant works in the context of their contribution to understanding the case study being investigated. A phenomenon refers to a fact, occurrence, or circumstance that can be studied or observed but with the cause or explanation to be in question. If your subject of analysis is a person. Provides insight for further research. These are condensed case studies performed before implementing a large scale investigation. Cases often represent a topic that rests on the fringes of prior investigations because the case may provide new ways of understanding the research problem. Analysis of a phobia of a five year old boy.

For example, studying the case of an unforeseen incident, such as a fatal accident at a railroad crossing, can reveal hidden issues that could be applied to preventative measures that contribute to reducing the chance of accidents in the future.

This method is useful for answering cause and effect questions.

How to write a business case study

In this example, a case study investigating the accident could lead to a better understanding of where to strategically locate additional signals at other railroad crossings in order to better warn drivers of an approaching train, particularly when visibility is hindered by heavy rain, fog, or at night. A case can be used when there are few studies that help predict an outcome or that establish a clear understanding about how best to proceed in addressing a problem. These serve to aggregate information from several sites collected at different times. Describe the significance of the research problem and state why a case study design and the subject of analysis that the paper is designed around is appropriate in addressing the problem. In the social and behavioral sciences, the event or incident that represents the case to be studied is usually bounded by time and place, with a clear beginning and end and with an identifiable location or position relative to its surroundings. Consider Alternative Explanations of the Findings It is important to remember that the purpose of social science research is to discover and not to prove. They can help us generate new ideas that might be tested by other methods. A case study of a place must not only describe its various attributes relevant to the research problem [e. This refers to synthesizing any literature that points to unresolved issues of concern about the research problem and describing how the subject of analysis that forms the case study can help resolve these existing contradictions. Explain the Meaning of the Findings and Why They are Important Systematically explain the meaning of your case study findings and why you believe they are important.

In this sense, a phenomenon that forms your subject of analysis can encompass anything that can be observed or presumed to exist but is not fully understood.

Exceptions to this can be when you are addressing a complex research problem or subject of analysis that requires more in-depth background information.

Case study introduction example

If your subject of analysis is a person. Your case could challenge this assumption by applying an innovative theoretical framework [perhaps borrowed from another discipline] to the study a case in order to explore whether this approach offers new ways of understanding the research problem. But organizational behavior cannot always be easily reduced to simple tests that prove something to be true or false. Eisenhardt, Kathleen M. If applicable, summarize prior case study research applied to the research problem and why it fails to adequately address the research problem. The subject is the "practical, historical unity" through which the theoretical focus of the study is being viewed. Your review should examine any literature that lays a foundation for understanding why your case study design and the subject of analysis around which you have designed your study may reveal a new way of approaching the research problem or offer a perspective that points to the need for additional research. Explain why your case study will be suitable in helping to expand knowledge and understanding about the research problem. If applicable, review any research that has examined the research problem using a different research design. A case study of how women contribute to saving water in a particular village can lay the foundation for understanding the need for more thorough research that documents how women in their roles as cooks and family caregivers think about water as a valuable resource within their community throughout rural regions of east Africa. Identify new ways to interpret prior research using the case study. How might knowing the suppliers of these trucks from overseas reveal larger networks of collaborators and financial support? Thus, for example, if a researcher were interested in US resistance to communist expansion as a theoretical focus, then the Korean War might be taken to be the subject, the lens, the case study through which the theoretical focus, the object, could be viewed and explicated. If you do not, your reader may question the validity of your analysis, particularly if you failed to document an obvious outcome from your case study research. Note that it is important to conduct a thorough literature review to ensure that your assumption about the need to reveal new insights or previously hidden problems is valid and evidence-based.

Point the way in fulfilling a need for additional research. Given this, selecting a case includes considering the following: Does the case represent an unusual or atypical example of a research problem that requires more in-depth analysis?

Permitting investigation of otherwise impractical or unethical situations. The researcher then writes up the information from both sources above as the case study, and interprets the information.

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Case Study Research Design