Caesars gallic wars

They gained the height; and as the Romans followed up, the Boii and Tulingi, who with some fifteen thousand men brought up the rear and formed the rearguard, turned from their march to attack the Romans on the exposed 12 flank, and overlapped them.

battle of alesia

Upon Caesar's orders, other Gallic tribes captured and returned these fugitives, who were executed. That Caesar in his account of the Battle of the Sabis gives all credit to himself, is unusual: under normal circumstances, he also mentions and praises his colonels and soldiers.

However, the countries along the Ocean were poorly known. In the Roman political arena, Caesar belonged to the populares, who sought legitimacy through the Popular Assembly.

Labienus had instructions from Caesar not to join battle unless his own troops appeared near the enemy's camp, so that a simultaneous assault might be made upon the enemy from all sides; accordingly, having seized the height, he awaited the main body and refrained from engaging.

Gallic wars timeline

The following quote, the longest sentence from the Gallic War, is one single period, which evokes the chaos during the Battle of the Sabis , in which Caesar overcame the Nervians. The Battle against the Helvetii Heights are indicated in metres above sea level. Three legions, under Caesar's command, surprised and defeated the Tigurine in the Battle of the Arar. On the day appointed for his trial Orgetorix gathered from every quarter to the place of judgment all his retainers, to the number of some ten thousand men, and also assembled there all his clients and debtors, of whom he had a great number, and through their means escaped from taking his trial. Caesar chose a nearby hill to offer battle and the Roman legions stood to face their enemies De Bello Gallico, I, 13 to The name of the canton was the Tigurine; for the whole state of Helvetia is divided into four cantons. The three secretly planned to become kings of their respective tribes, and masters of the whole of Gaul De Bello Gallico, I, 3. The separate part of the country which, as has been said, is occupied by the Gauls, starts from the river Rhone, and is bounded by the river Garonne, the Ocean, and the territory of the Belgae; moreover, on the side of the Sequani and the Helvetii, it touches on the river Rhine; and its general trend is northward. By writing that these people had been killed, Caesar could keep the money himself. An XML version of this text is available for download, with the additional restriction that you offer Perseus any modifications you make. In his continuation of the Gallic War, Hirtius mentions unsuccessful Roman actions and cruel executions of defeated enemies - information that Caesar, in the seven first books, had repressed. Liscus now spoke with greater freedom and boldness. When the day which he had appointed with the deputies arrived, and the deputies returned to him, he said that, following the custom and precedent of the Roman people, he could not grant anyone a passage through the Province; and he made it plain that he would stop any attempt to force the same. At this moment Considius galloped back to him, saying that the mountain he had wished Labienus to seize was in possession of the enemy: he knew it by the Gallic arms and badges. They were repulsed in several actions; and on the seventh day he moved from Ocelum, the last station of Hither Gaul, into the borders of the Vocontii in Further Gaul.

The Helvetii had learnt from their parents and ancestors to fight their battles with courage, not with cunning nor reliance upon stratagem.

Cicero says: The Gallic War is splendid.

Caesars gallic wars

For the accomplishment of these objects they considered that two years were sufficient, and pledged themselves by an ordinance to take the field in the third year. However, 6, men of the Helvetian clan of the Verbigeni fled to avoid capture. Liscus now spoke with greater freedom and boldness. Therefore, before attempting anything in the matter, Caesar ordered Diviciacus to be summoned to his quarters, and, having removed the regular interpreters, conversed with him through the mouth of Gaius Valerius Procillus, a leading man in the Province of Gaul and his own intimate friend, in whom he had the utmost confidence upon all matters. Three quarters of the Helvetii had already crossed, but one quarter, the Tigurine a Helvetian clan , was still on the east bank. Had it been a history of the conquest of Gaul, the book would at least have contained an explanation about the causes of the conflict, but Caesar never explains why he went to war at all. Orgetorix made an alliance with the Sequani chieftain Casticus and arranged the marriage of his daughter to an Aedui chieftain, Dumnorix.

This connection made him a zealous supporter of the Helvetii; moreover, he hated Caesar and the Romans on his own account, because their arrival had diminished his power and restored his brother Diviciacus to his ancient place of influence and honour.

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