But numbers and statistics alone cannot convey the horror of the experience. As a testimony to the persistence of the illegal slave trade, the Census reveals the presence, in the United States, of numerous men and women born in Africa well after Slave owners treated their unpaid, overworked labor forces as mere chattel.
During the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries, plantation became a profitable investment. Private land ownership was largely absent from precolonial African societies, and slaves were one of the few forms of wealth-producing property an individual could possess.
Judicial and religious sanctions and punishments removed alleged criminals, people accused of witchcraft, and social misfits through enslavement and banishment. The author has an obvious bias. The African people had beliefs of cannibalism and witchcraft Slavery systems had occurred in many civilizations throughout the world but one institution is well known for its global scale and lasting legacy.